VisGuard is a result of project VisGuard funded by TEKES (Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation) and University of Jyväskylä.

In 2016, we conducted a 6-month naturalistic driving study with 30 drivers in real traffic (3 months control + 3 months warnings activated). We found no effects of warnings on drivers’ behaviors in any of the measured dependent variables. These were mainly focused on phone use frequency in the warning zones. However, the drivers reported they drove more carefully with the warnings. We did not have eye tracking in this study and therefore cannot confirm if they really paid more attention to driving with the application.

In spring 2014 we conducted pilot studies with a prototype application on the Lievestuore test track with 32 drivers. The results indicated:

  • at best a 30 % increase in attention on road compared to control conditions (no warnings), and
  • high levels of trust and acceptability of the warnings among the pilot drivers.

Presentation on VisGuard at the 4th International Conference on Driver Distraction and Inattention (November 9-11, 2015, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia)

Presentation on VisGuard at the HCI Korea 2014 conference (February 14th, 2014, Gangwon, South Korea)

Presentation on VisGuard at the 3rd International Conference on Driver Distraction and Inattention (September 4-6, 2013, Gothenburg, Sweden)

Relevant publications

Kujala, T., & Mäkelä, J. (2018). Naturalistic study on the usage of smartphone applications among Finnish drivers. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 115, 53-61.

Kujala, T., Karvonen, H., & Mäkelä, J. (2016). Context-sensitive distraction warnings – Effects on drivers’ visual behavior and acceptance. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 90, 39-52.

Kujala, T., Mäkelä, J., Kotilainen, I., & Tokkonen, T. (2016). The attentional demand of automobile driving revisited: Occlusion distance as a function of task-relevant event density in realistic driving scenarios. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 58, 163-180.

VisGuard in media (in Finnish) (in Finnish) (in Swedish) (in Icelandic) (in Finnish) (in Finnish) (in Finnish) (in Finnish) (in Finnish)

jyu_logoTuomo Kujala, Ph.D.
Post-Doctoral Researcher, Cognitive Science
Faculty of Information Technology, University of Jyväskylä
+35850 585 6824

Timo Tokkonen
Project Manager
+35840 556 5946